Ethical Decision Making

  • European Master in Health Economics and Management
Kennzahl der Lehrveranstaltung
Niveau der Lehrveranstaltung laut Lehrplan
  • Master
Semester in dem die Lehrveranstaltung angeboten wird
  • 3
Anzahl der zugewiesenen ECTS-Credits
  • 5.0
Name des/der Vortragenden
  • Kerschbaumer Lukas, BA MA
  • Univ.-Ass. Dr. Wehinger Daniel
  • Dr. Medicus Elisabeth
  • Dr. Hunter Mostafa Mohamed Shoukry
  • Dr. Zoller Claudia
  • M.B., B.CH. Sabae Ayman, MA
  • Ao.Univ.-Prof. Friesenecker Barbara
  • Dr. Hetzer Benjamin
  • Prof. Dr. Gasser Georg
  • Schwaninger Gunda, MBA, MSc
  • Dipl. Ing. Morandell Martin
Lernergebnisse der Lehrveranstaltung
  • At the end of the course students will have a differentiated understanding of theoretical and practical approaches to ethics. They should be able to …
    • identify ethical problems within present-day clinical practice, scientific medicine, and health policy;
    • make ethical decisions by applying ethical principles (e.g. of the UNESCO Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights);
    • recognize conflicts between the health care professional’s obligations to patients and to society and identify the reasons for the conflicts;
    • reflect critically on ethical and human rights issues in health and social policy;
    • face the conflicts between ethical and business-oriented approaches to health care delivery;
    • analyze current and future issues from a bioethical perspective;
    • understand the historical evolution of the human rights concept, and why it is so central in today's academic discourse, policy making and ethics;
    • explain how human rights and equality, justice and equity are key in allocating such as scarce health care resources;
    • explain how and to what extent human rights are relative or universal and can determine our decision-making;
    • understand and explain why and how solidarity and social responsibility constitute the foundation of any fair society;
Art der Veranstaltung
  • face-to-face
Voraussetzungen laut Lehrplan
  • none
  • - The role of intuition in ethical decision-making
    - Introduction and application of inductive, case-based methods in bioethics
    - Differentiation between ethical and non-ethical decision-making
    - Approaches to human dignity and human rights
    - Platonicity (ethics, decision [choice & reason], utility [incentives], biases)
    - Status syndrome (the ethics of social gradient & social justice)
    - Uncertainties and risks in complex decision making
    - Human vulnerability
    - The emergence of human rights discourse, theoretical-philosophical reflections on human rights
    - Universality and relativity of human rights in ethical decision making, implication of cultural diversity
    - The link between human rights and ethics,
    - Biases in decisions (choices under uncertainty)
    - Thinking with feelings, the value of empathy
    - Exploring the limits of knowledge, objectivity and accountability
    - Privacy and confidentiality
empfohlene Fachliteratur
  • Scripts:
    All scripts of Ethical Decision Making are available on SAKAI. Further readings and case studies may be provided during the lectures and are required readings.

    Beauchamp, Tom L./Childress, James F.: Principles of Biomedical Ethics. Oxford University Press, 7th edition, 2013.
    Graham, Gordon: Ethics and International Relations. Blackwell, 2nd edition, 2008.
    Graham, Hilary: Unequal Lives. Health and Socioeconomic Inequalities. Open University Press, 2007.

    Bekelman, J.E./Li, Y./Gross, C.P.: "Scope and impact of financial conflicts of interest in biomedical research. A systematic review", JAMA, 289 (4): 454-465, 2003.
    Güldal, D./Semin, S.: "The influences of drug companies' advertising programs on physicians", International Journal of Health Services, 30 (3): 585-595, 2000.
    Lee, R.: "Demographic Change, Welfare, and Intergenerational Transfers. A Global Overview", Center for the Economics and Demography of Aging, 2003.
    Ruof, M.C.: "Vulnerability, vulnerable populations and policy", Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, 14 (4): 411-425, 2004.

    Further Readings:
    Universal Declaration of Human Rights, General Assembly Resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948.
    UNESCO Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights, 2006.
    UNESCO Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity, 2001.
    World Medical Association. 1964. Declaration of Helsinki. Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects.
    Steinbock, Bonnie: The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.
    Sandel, M. (2013). What Money Can't Buy: The Moral Limits of Markets. UK, Penguin.
    Gigerenzer, G. (2014). Risk Savvy: How to Make Good Decisions, Penguin Publishing Group.
    Marmot, M. (2004). The Status Syndrome: How Social Standing Affects Our Health and Longevity, Owl Books.
    Wilson, T. D. (2004). Strangers to Ourselves, Harvard University Press.
    Baron, J. (2000). Thinking and Deciding, Cambridge University Press.
    Schwartz, B. and K. Sharpe (2010). Practical Wisdom: The Right Way to Do the Right Thing, Penguin Publishing Group.
    Macklin, R.: "Dignity is a useless concept", British Medical Journal, 327: 1419-1420, 2003.
    Tversky, A. and D. Kahneman (1981). "The framing of decisions and the psychology of choice." Science 211 (4481): 453-458.
    Tversky, A. and D. Kahneman (1974). "Judgment under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases." Science 185 (4157): 1124-1131.
Lehr- und Lernformen
  • There are different learning strategies applied in the course:

    • determining problems through analyses of real cases
    • clarifying terms, concepts, and methods through definitions, explanations, and examples
    • critical reflection through case studies, peer feedback, and discussion
    • developing practical skills through exercises
    • engaged learning through reading, essay writing, presentation, and quizzes
  • To monitor the students’ learning this course will provide ongoing assignments as a basis for feedback and grading (formative assessment) and/or will evaluate the students learning at the end of the course or an instructional unit via exams, final project reports, essays or seminar papers (summative assessment).
  • English