Technology & Life Sciences

Energy & Process Technologies

Energy & Process Technologies

The best possible use of resources is a central element of sustainable future development. The research focus lies in the intersection of energy and process engineering and deals with the multifaceted issues of these areas. Focal points are, for example, in the areas of energy supply from biogenic and renewable raw materials, the topic of water with its characteristics of waste water, process water and drinking water as well as an energy-efficient and resource-efficient use of snow-making systems (keyword: snow management).

The research projects focus on innovative solutions and concepts for current and future challenges, which are often developed together with partners from industry and research.

Contact
Martin Spruck
Dr. Martin Spruck, MSc Lecturer +43 512 2070 - 3236

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Biomass to Power and Heat

Bioenergy is one of the most important domestic sources of energy, reducing costly imports of natural gas and oil and making sustainable use of our own resources. Further strengthening of bioenergy requires the development of systems and facilities for the provision of electricity and heat from woody biomass. Not only a decentralized, sustainable energy supply concept is in the foreground, but also the maximization of the efficiency and above all the flexibility of the raw material used. In order to make complex biomass accessible in a way that is as efficient and consistent as possible, both the optimized storage to avoid substance losses and basic transformations of the materials are investigated, as well as their drying, pelleting and valorization towards biochar.

Energy Distribution and Storage

While the development of alternative energy sources is often relatively difficult for the end user of heating and cooling, centralized plants can be operated with high efficiency and minimal pollutant or CO2 emissions. The research topic is therefore the investigation and development of corresponding energy distribution and storage systems at different temperature levels as well as for different producer and consumer technologies.

Membrane Technology

Membranes have now been established for many years in various technical and industrial areas. On the one hand, the research area Membrane Technology deals with the production and optimization of membranes for liquid and gaseous media and, on the other hand, with the use of membrane processes in technical processes. One focus is on the selection and laboratory characterization of membranes for the respective application.

Wastewater and Water Treatment

The research activities in the field of water treatment and wastewater treatment aim to further develop the underlying purification processes and reduce the necessary resource consumption. Innovative methods such as chemical-oxidative water treatment with oxygen ions and radicals are used on the one hand. On the other hand, established methods such as the activated sludge process or the anaerobic sludge digestion in reactors are further developed. The focus is on improving the interaction of the underlying biological purification processes with the reactor hydraulics in the treatment basins in order to increase pollutant reduction while at the same time reducing energy consumption for the process.

Research areas displayed in a table.

Research areas at a glance

Syngine - Gasmotor Optimierung
State:
Abgeschlossen

Start of project:
Juli 2011

Project staff:
Stefan Müller, BSc MSc
StudentIn, from Juli 2011 until Juni 2012


Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Marcel Bernard Huber
ProjektleiterIn, from Mai 2011 until April 2011


FH-Prof. DDipl.-Ing. Dr.techn. Lukas Möltner
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Juli 2011 until Juni 2012


About the project:
In the thermochemical conversion of solid biogenic raw materials (gasification) the utilization of the gas in efficient gas engines, and thus the conversion into electricity and heat plays a crucial role. Conventional gas engines are for the use of wood gas only conditionally suitable (low efficiency) and there are to make appropriate modifications. Our project partner PGES has developed such a modification set whose performance and suitability in detail now by conversion of an existing gas engine and integration into the gasification test facility PowerBox in Schwaz will be examined. The results from this project can make a valuable contribution to the future commercialization of biomass CHP plants based on gasification technology.

Project partners:
SCE
Unternehmenssektor Inland

AFB– Advanced Functionalisation of Biochar - Regionale, nachhaltige Bereitstellung von Aktivkohle als Koppelprodukt eines modernen Holzkraftwerks
State:
Laufend

Start of project:
Mai 2018

Project staff:
Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Benjamin Hupfauf
ProjektleiterIn, from Mai 2018 until Juli 2020


Michael Kresta, BSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Oktober 2018 until April 2019


David Gurtner, BSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Oktober 2018 until März 2019


Thomas Hämmerle, BSc, MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Mai 2018 until Oktober 2019


Jan Back, BSc MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Mai 2018 until Juni 2020


Jascha Keifenheim
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Mai 2018 until Oktober 2019


Josef Haselwanter
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Mai 2018 until Dezember 2019


About the project:
The activation of coals is nothing new per se and is carried out on a large scale. However, the problem is the currently used tonnages in the respective processes. Most of the coal is activated by rotary kilns with minimum throughputs of 10,000 t a-1. Since SYNCRAFT wood-fired power plants currently produce a maximum of 400 t of a-1 charcoal as a by-product of regionally sourced forest residue, the technology of rotary kiln activation can not be used due to the high activation costs. Thus, concepts must be developed that allow an ecological and economic "small scale activation". Furthermore, this technology can be used to produce a regionally regenerated activated carbon which spares the necessary resources, which usually have to be imported. In addition, according to the Ithaca Institute, 3.5 to 5 t of hard coal or 5 to 6.5 t of lignite are required to produce one tonne of activated carbon, which generates an average of about 11 - 18 t of CO2 emissions. However, the market demands a wide range of carbons with different specifications (BET, BJH, shape, coatings, ...).

BiK - Biomassekonditionierung
State:
Abgeschlossen

Start of project:
Juli 2011

Project staff:
Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Marcel Bernard Huber
ProjektleiterIn, from August 2010 until Dezember 2013


Sabrina Dumfort, BSc MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Dezember 2011 until Dezember 2013


Prof. (FH) Dr. techn. Angela Hofmann
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Juli 2011 until Dezember 2013


About the project:
In the course of a two-year project methods to improved conditioning of biogenic solid fuels (eg wood chips) are to be jointly developed and tested with biomass heating plant operators in South Tyrol. This is due to the respectable energy losses during storage of biomass on eg bulk pile. The basis for this is a study on the practical and theoretical quantification of losses under certain real world conditions. Subsequently drying techniques and methods in addition to be examined to an improved storage of biomass. The aim is to increase the overall efficiency of energy recovery from biomass.

Multi-Channel-Kapillarmembrane
State:
Abgeschlossen

Start of project:
Oktober 2010

Project staff:
Dr. Martin Spruck, MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from November 2010 until September 2012


Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Thomas Hermann Obholzer
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Oktober 2010 until September 2012


FH-Prof. Mag. Marco Rupprich, Ph.D.
ProjektleiterIn, from Oktober 2010 until September 2012


About the project:
Membrane processes are beside distillation and extraction one of the most used separation techniques. They can be used e.g. for the hemodialysis, for purification of pharmaceutical products and for desalination. The aim of the present project is the development of spinnerets for the production of multi-channel-capillary membranes. The spinning nozzle molds a polymer solution into the desired capillary membrane in a so called phase inversion process. Therefore, it is necessary that the polymer solution hardens on the boundary layer with the so called non-solvent (e.g. water). A diffusion of the non-solvent into the pores occurs. The outer face of the membrane will be hardened by its insertion with an external coagulation bath. In general, capillary membranes with one channel and an outer diameter of one to two millimeters are thin walled and not stable against mechanical forces. In contrast to capillary membranes, multi-channel capillary membranes with up to seven channels per membrane (i.e. mult channel-capillary-membranes) are more stable and show an increased performance in separation properties accompanied by reduced costs. Commercially available multi-channel-capillary membranes are made of ceramics (e.g. alumina oxide). On the one hand, they are highly resistant against chemicals, but on the other hand they are very expensive and sensitive to sudden temperature changes. By producing and employing the spinneret it should be possible to apply the phase inversion process and its advantages, like the variety of materials, on membranes. Through the combination of phase inversion processes and multi channel techniques selective, chemically inert membranes with high performance should be achievable. Furthermore, new membranes with reduced production and operation costs can be expected. The project gives the pupils a deeper understanding of applied research and development in the field of process engineering. They are involved in the assembly of the spinnerets and feed systems as well as in the characterization of the specified conditions like chemical resistance, transportation of liquids with high viscosity etc.


Financing:
Bundesministerium für Wissenschaft, Forschung und Wirtschaft
Öffentlicher Sektor Inland

ReCoal
State:
Abgeschlossen

Start of project:
Februar 2016

Project staff:
Julian Kirchmair, BSc, MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Februar 2016 until Juli 2016


Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Benjamin Hupfauf
ProjektleiterIn, from Januar 2016 until März 2017


About the project:
In terms of sustainable resource management, nutrients such as phosphorus and nitrogen are to be recycled from wastewater treatment plants. These nutrients form the basis of our prosperity and are essential for today's and tomorrow's agriculture. In particular, the closure of the phosphorus cycle seems to be in order, as only the progress of civilization has led to significant amounts of phosphate being deposited or deposited in a wide variety of buildings (using sewage sludge in the cement industry as secondary fuel). The project idea describes the possibility of using microalgae to treat municipal wastewater and produce biomass. The press water of the digested sludge from a sewage treatment plant is well suited, since there are high concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus and the conventional treatment, caused by the high ventilation energy demand, high costs. In addition to the cleaning effect of the wastewater, the innovation lies in the use of microalgae and the treatment of algae biomass. The algal biomass is to be charred in a hydrothermal carbonization, which means that the HTC coal is sanitized (process temperature ~ 180-220 ° C) and as soil additive (enrichment with phosphorus and nitrogen) can be used.

TiHoB – Tiroler-Holzkohle-Bindemittel – Regionale, nachhaltige Herstellung von Holzkohle-Briketts und Pellets durch Verwendung eines innovativen Bindemittels
State:
Laufend

Start of project:
August 2018

Project staff:
Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Benjamin Hupfauf
ProjektleiterIn, from August 2018 until Juli 2020


Thomas Hämmerle, BSc, MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from August 2018 until Juli 2020


About the project:
A primary problem of energy producing systems using wood or char is the accumulation of fine dust and ashes. The binding and disposal of these substances is complicated and costly. If anything high-quality products from the food industry such as sugar cane, potato or corn starch currently used for binding. In this project a different approach should be chosen. 100 % recycled waste fats and oils in combination with clay minerals should provide a basis for compressing the dusts and ashes. The aim is to bind char, ashes and dusts for further use in the industry, but also to the production of food-compliant BBQ-char from charcoal and ash using recycled raw materials.

Aufklärung des Reaktionsmechanismus und der Kinetik der Hydrothermalen Karbonisierung (HTC-ARK)
State:
Abgeschlossen

Start of project:
April 2015

Project staff:
Fabian Huber, BSc
StudentIn, from April 2015 until Oktober 2015


FH-Prof. Dr. Werner Stadlmayr
ProjektleiterIn, from April 2015 until März 2016


Kevin Höcherl, BSc
StudentIn, from April 2015 until Oktober 2015


About the project:
Biomass - for example sewage sludge, algae or foliage - has attracted much research attention as potential renewable resource. While there are multiple different pretreatments availible, the hydrothermal carbonisation (HTC) is sticking out as a environmentally compatible and future-oriented method. HTC is a technique where biomass is converted to coal-like substances using elevated temperatures and pressures and water. This approach yields three distinct advantages: - The needed temperatures are often lower than for alternate methods. - There is no need to dry the biomass beforehand, removing a very energy consuming step. - Waste gases are partially solved in the process water und are thus captured, possibly making a costly posttreatment obsolete. The goal of this study is a better understanding of the reaction kinetics und the chemistry involved in this fascinating reaction - any broadening of the basic knowledge might help to ensure practical implementation of the process in the future.

C-MEM Oberflächen und Material Optimierung
State:
Abgeschlossen

Start of project:
Januar 2016

Project staff:
Roman Leithner, BSc BSc MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Januar 2016 until März 2019


FH-Prof. Mag. Marco Rupprich, Ph.D.
ProjektleiterIn, from Januar 2016 until Dezember 2017


Veronika Huber, MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Januar 2016 until März 2019


Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Marc Koch
Assistenz der Projektleitung, from Januar 2016 until Dezember 2017


Dr. Martin Spruck, MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Januar 2016 until März 2019


About the project:
The C-MEM membrane fibers produced by SFC Umwelttechnik are used for drinking water and sewage treatment. Due to the complex production of these membranes, they can currently only be produced in the limited range of ultrafiltration (0.1-0.01 μm) and only with a special HDPE which (i) has a limited durability in the application (ii) unavailable on the European market, resulting in delivery bottlenecks and high transport costs, and (iii) partly causing high reject rates and also not allowing adaptation of the existing membrane fiber. The main objectives of this project are therefore (i) to modify a locally available HDPE with the help of the project partners according to our requirements, (ii) to develop a few nanometer thick ion-selective coating for the filtration area (0.01 - 0.001μm) and finally (iii) also to adapt or convert the production facilities to this new material and coating technology. The aim is to optimize the production of the fibers in terms of scrap and quality, to greatly expand the field of application and, overall, to improve the C-MEM process. Another important aspect is the know-how advantage that is built up to the competition, because this newly developed material and the new production processes of the membrane will not be freely available.

Kultivierung von Algen mit LED Beleuchtung
State:
Abgeschlossen

Start of project:
November 2014

Project staff:
Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Benjamin Hupfauf
ProjektleiterIn, from November 2014 until September 2015


Sebastian Perkams, BSc MSc
ProjektleiterIn, from November 2014 until September 2015


Mag. Alexander Dumfort
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from November 2014 until September 2015


About the project:
As part of the algae cultivation program, a concept for the purification of municipal wastewater with the help of algae is being developed. While the composition of the waste water is predetermined as a nutrient medium and CO2 can be supplied in excess, the exposure, i.e. the targeted illumination of the algae solution, is an essential and controllable process parameter. This allows for algae growth optimization and effective wastewater treatment. The aim is to find an exposure solution that is based on daylight. The Environmental and Process Engineering Department of MCI is testing the most simple, robust and cost-effective lighting concepts that would be suitable for applications in sewage treatment plants. Various analytical methods (dry matter, phosphate, nitrogen determination, COD, TOC) are used.

HiGas2
State:
Abgeschlossen

Start of project:
Dezember 2015

Project staff:
Verena Schallhart, BSc, MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Dezember 2015 until Mai 2018


FH-Prof. DDipl.-Ing. Dr.techn. Lukas Möltner
ProjektleiterIn, from Dezember 2015 until Mai 2018


Lucas Konstantinoff, MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Dezember 2015 until Mai 2018


About the project:
In the HiGas2 project, the potential of deliberately influencing the charge movement on a state-of-the-art gas engine will be demonstrated. Engine components and operating strategies are to be developed that increase the charge movement and enable highly turbulent combustion. The goal is a significant increase in thermal efficiency while reducing emissions. Parallel to the commissioning of the experimental engine, a flow test rig for the quantification of the charge movement has already been constructed and built in the previous research activities at the MCI, thus providing the ideal basis for achieving the research objective.

Hydrothermale Karbonisierung von Gemüsereststoffen
State:
Abgeschlossen

Start of project:
Februar 2016

Project staff:
Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Benjamin Hupfauf
ProjektleiterIn, from Februar 2016 until März 2017


About the project:
When cultivating and processing the cultivated varieties to the different products, a large amount of biological waste accumulates. In the interests of resource conservation and a meaningful circular economy, these residues are to undergo a novel treatment. As part of a feasibility study, the potential of hydrothermal carbonization for the treatment of organic residues of Giner Kartoffel & Gemüse GmbH is to be determined. Giner Kartoffel & Gemüse GmbH has set itself the goal of applying and establishing the technology of hydrothermal carbonisation for biological residues, in particular residues from the processing of vegetables and fruits. Furthermore, Giner Kartoffel & Gemüse GmbH is planning a project which aims at the design of an HTC pilot plant.

Tirol 2050 – Ressourcen- und Energieszenarien
State:
Abgeschlossen

Start of project:
September 2017

Project staff:
Ing. Christoph Pöham, BSc, MSc
StudentIn, from September 2017 until Juni 2018


Prof. (FH) Dr. techn. Angela Hofmann
ProjektleiterIn, from September 2017 until Juni 2018


Ing. Dr. Aldo Giovannini
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from September 2017 until Juni 2018


About the project:
For future energy strategic decisions of the province of Tyrol, the MCI has been commissioned to draw up two scenarios for using resources for Tyrol by the year 2050, based on the Austria Study of the Year 2010, Energy Autarchy for Austria 2050 '. Due to the Tyrolean specifics (mainly climatic and geomorphological features) it is expected that the results will differ significantly from those of the Austria-wide study. The study will quantify the available domestic resources and compare them to the future needs scenarios for 2050. In this way, it can be quantified how, with today's and foreseeable future technological possibilities, demand can be met in accordance with the given framework conditions of Europe, Austria and other Tyrolean framework conditions. As a result of the study, a rough 'direction' is expected as to which resources will be involved in the way and to what extent in the transformation of the energy system, taking into account the - politically and socially accepted - availability and usability of resources.

PHARMAQUA
State:
Abgeschlossen

Start of project:
Dezember 2016

Project staff:
Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Marc Koch
Assistenz der Projektleitung, from Dezember 2016 until März 2019


FH-Prof. Mag. Marco Rupprich, Ph.D.
ProjektleiterIn, from Dezember 2016 until März 2019


Dr. Martin Spruck, MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Dezember 2016 until März 2019


Jan Back, BSc MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Dezember 2016 until März 2019


About the project:
The objective of this project is to develop a laboratory model that combines the advantages of a hollow-fiber membrane (size-exclusion) with the adsorptive properties of zeolites or activated carbon to test an innovative way of removing trace organic compounds selective separation of anthropogenic trace substances and is tuned to the simplest possible and cost-effective use.

ModMem - Herstellung und Charakterisierung einer neuartigen Ionischen Flüssigkeits-Membran zur Biogasreinigung
State:
Laufend

Start of project:
Februar 2017

Project staff:
Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Marc Koch
ProjektleiterIn, from Februar 2017 until Dezember 2017


About the project:
The innovative approach and goal for this research project is the production, characterization and optimization of novel functionalized membranes with ionic liquids. For membrane production, the phase inversion method according to Loeb and Sourirajan should be used, modified and further developed. The main focus is on the development of gas permeation membranes for biogas purification.

OptiCom - Optimum Combustion in Small Gas Engines
State:
Laufend

Start of project:
Februar 2017

Project staff:
FH-Prof. DDipl.-Ing. Dr.techn. Lukas Möltner
ProjektleiterIn, since Februar 2017


Lucas Konstantinoff, MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Februar 2017 until Juli 2018


About the project:
In the previous projects HiGas and HiGas2, a methodology was developed with which the effectiveness of charge motion influencing geometries of cylinder heads can be shown on their impact on biogas engines. For this purpose, cylinder heads are examined for their flow properties on a flow test bench developed at MCI and then measured on a test engine. On this flow bench, cylinder heads can be quantitatively evaluated for air flow and charge movement, primarily the rotation of the charge around the piston axis (= swirl). The experimental engine can then be used to determine the thermal efficiency and the time-resolved energy sales, and thus evaluate the effectiveness of the measures. Thus, it is possible to relate the speed of combustion to the previously determined flow characteristics of cylinder heads. Thus, it is possible to relate the speed of combustion to the previously determined flow characteristics of cylinder heads. The increased turbulence in the combustion chamber and efficiency-promoting charge movement is primarily due to valve seat near geometries on the cylinder head. The increased turbulence in the combustion chamber and efficiency-promoting charge movement is primarily due to valve seat near geometries on the cylinder head. However, it is known that excessive turbulence can negatively overcompensate the effect of better efficiency by faster combustion. Too high a charge movement leads to high wall heat losses and thus to a lower efficiency. For the generated turbulence, there is therefore an optimum in terms of efficiency. The optimal charge movement is to be found in the desired project OptiCom by different variants of the inlet design.

AltHolzGas
State:
Laufend

Start of project:
November 2017

Project staff:
Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Benjamin Hupfauf
ProjektleiterIn, from November 2017 until November 2019


Thomas Hämmerle, BSc, MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from November 2017 until November 2019


About the project:
The aim of the project is the recovery of waste wood in SynCraft wood gasification plants. The focus of the processing is on wood casings and wood packaging, which can be identified as a substitute fuel, if possible, the current old wood recycling regulation. Different processing options for recycling in SynCraft plants are to be investigated for the waste wood fractions mentioned. In particular, these are different hacker and shredder technologies (reprocessing lines for waste wood).

HTC-ARK 2
State:
Abgeschlossen

Start of project:
April 2017

Project staff:
FH-Prof. Dr. Werner Stadlmayr
ProjektleiterIn, from April 2017 until Dezember 2018


Daniel Hargaßner, BSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from April 2017 until Dezember 2018


Patrick Wilczek
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from April 2017 until August 2017


About the project:
In the predecessor project HTC-ARK, a previously unknown behavior of carbons produced by hydrothermal carbonation (HTC) could be observed. When various additives were added, it was possible to detect a strongly exothermic behavior of the coal during combustion in a very narrow concentration range. Since this phenomenon is completely new, its nature should be clarified and its effect on altered sample morphology or chemical composition altered.

Optimierung des Energieeintrags zur Durchmischung von Faultürmen
State:
Laufend

Start of project:
April 2018

Project staff:
Dr. Michael Meister, MSc
ProjektleiterIn, since Mai 2018


About the project:
The aim of the present research project is to optimize the energy input for the digester mixing such that the anaerobic digestion process becomes economically more attractive. Apart from gas injection and impeller induced mixing, the utilization of slowly rotating stirrer devices proved to be energetically efficient. An ideal operation, however, requires the calibration of the stirrer and its operating parameters with the digester geometry and the physical properties of the slurry flow therein. Since until now stirrer devices are dimensioned and operated based on experience only, a substantial room for improving the energy efficiency is foreseen. The plan of the "OPTFAUL" project is to first conduct a laboratory experiment and to subsequently perform a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation to optimize the energy requirements for the digester mixing. The experimental setup allows measuring the mixing intensity and the input energy for diverse scenarios such that the efficiency of different stirrers can be compared. For the 2 most suitable mixing devices a detailed CFD analysis for a full scale digester is conducted. Subsequent to the optimization of the energy input the project results are compared to the operating data from wastewater treatment plants in the county of Tyrol to demonstrate the room for improvement and the corresponding measures.

Beschichtungsmethode zur Nachbehandlung von Hohlfasermembrane
State:
Abgeschlossen

Start of project:
April 2015

Project staff:
Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Marc Koch
ProjektleiterIn, from April 2015 until Juni 2016


Dr. Martin Spruck, MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from April 2015 until Juni 2016


Roman Leithner, BSc BSc MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from April 2015 until Juni 2016


About the project:
In the present project, MF / UF polymer-based hollow-fiber membranes are to be further developed by an additional downstream process step in the direction of the nanofiltration membrane. Nanofiltration is characterized by the separation of substances such as heavy metal ions or pesticides. This is intended to expand the existing product portfolio. In the course of planned test series, critical production parameters for the coating process, such as the chemical concentrations or residence time, are to be investigated and optimal process conditions identified.

PowerKohle
State:
Abgeschlossen

Start of project:
April 2015

Project staff:
Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Benjamin Hupfauf
ProjektleiterIn, from April 2015 until September 2017


Marcel Lepuschitz, BSc
Wissenschaftliche Hilfskraft, from April 2015 until September 2016


Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Marcel Bernard Huber
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from April 2015 until September 2017


Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Jan Krueger
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from April 2015 until September 2016


Ing. Christian Ehrenstrasser, BSc MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from April 2015 until September 2016


Christoph Franzl
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from April 2015 until September 2016


Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Georg Kreutner
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from April 2015 until September 2016


Silvia Kostner
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from April 2015 until September 2017


Thomas Hämmerle, BSc, MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from April 2015 until September 2017


Mario Riezler, BSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from April 2015 until September 2017


Fatih Sagcan, BSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from April 2015 until September 2017


Jan Back, BSc MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from April 2015 until Mai 2018


About the project:
The biochar from the floatind fixed-bed gasification process is not, like other bioenergy plants, usually a residue or waste. Because of the characteristics and the degree of purity, the biochar should be classified as a multifarious resource. The indicated peculiarities of biochar from CraftWERK-plants represent the base for this project. The goal of the project is the representation of recovery and application possibilities of biochar from CraftWERK-plants and compare among each other. It aims to identify the recovery possibilities witch are in short-term, regional, profitable and without elaborate preparation of biochar are possible. In addition to the short-term recovery possibilities there should be identified which provides, in the medium-term for large quantities, good potential markets. From that objective for the project, the following three project goals can be defined: - Quality comparison of different biochars - Developing rapid analysis method for PAHs in biochars - Requirement / list of criteria: applications for biochar

Analyse von Motorölen für die Produktion von Motorradmotoren
State:
Abgeschlossen

Start of project:
Juli 2015

Project staff:
Verena Schallhart, BSc, MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Juli 2015 until Oktober 2015


Mag. Jelena Drinic
SachbearbeiterIn, from Juli 2015 until Dezember 2015


FH-Prof. DDipl.-Ing. Dr.techn. Lukas Möltner
ProjektleiterIn, from Juli 2015 until Dezember 2015


About the project:
For testing and first run of motor cycle engines after manufacturing the engines are filled with motor oil that later is recovered after testing is done. Since there is metal grit and other left over material from the manufacturing process inside the engine the oil is also used to flush the engine. Hence, after the test run the oil is no longer suitable to run the engine. From ecological and economical aspects the recovered oil is collected and regenerated for reuse. The solid materials can be mechanically separated (filtration) but water containing refrigerants coming from the manufacturing process reduce the lubricants performance as well. At the moment the refrigerant is separated by a vacuum vaporizer. Depending on additives some motor oils are able to tolerate critical amounts of water before decomposition or phase separation. The amount of water that can bind with the oil depends on the age of the lubricant. Therefore it is hard to give reliable predictions on saturation points, water content and overall quality of the reused oil. Within this research project a correlation between the water content and the number of tested engines will be evaluated. Time depending measurements of the water content and records of KTM about type and number of test runs should give the information needed. Furthermore an experimental measurement of the saturation points of selected oil samples will be compared to results from a sensor for online measurements. Measurement and analyses of the solid waste content of the recovered motor oil is another minor project goal.

Herstellung von Composite Mehrkanal-Kapillarmembrane für die Nanofiltration
State:
Abgeschlossen

Start of project:
Februar 2014

Project staff:
Iris Eichner, BSc
Wissenschaftliche Hilfskraft, from Mai 2014 until Juli 2014


Dr. Martin Spruck, MSc
ProjektleiterIn, from Februar 2014 until Dezember 2015


About the project:
Membrane technology has become established as a separation process in the field of water treatment. The aim of the research project is the development of novel nanofiltration membranes based on multi-channel capillary systems. This special design offers advantages such as a high packing density and reduced risk of blocking. The fields of application of such membranes are in the pharmaceutical, beverage and textile industries as well as in wastewater treatment.

PileCommunication
State:
Laufend

Start of project:
September 2018

Project staff:
Sabrina Dumfort, BSc MSc
ProjektleiterIn, from März 2018 until Dezember 2019


René Nußbaumer, BSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from September 2018 until September 2019


About the project:
During storage of hay and wood chips, self-heating occurs due to biodegradation processes, which can result in self-ignition under unfavorable storage conditions. The PiCo-PileCommunication project will prepare for the development of an early-warning system based on the analysis of gas composition of bulk solids. Contrary to conventional smoke detectors, this system should set the alarm before the actual ignition. The project will investigate the underlying mechanisms of auto-ignition and measure the gases released during these processes. On the basis of these laboratory experiments, it is possible to define lead substances that signal impending spontaneous combustion.

EHIL - Einsatz von Holzkohle in der Industriellen Landwirtschaft
State:
Laufend

Start of project:
Mai 2019

Project staff:
Thomas Klammsteiner, MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, since Mai 2019


Sabrina Dumfort, BSc MSc
Assistenz der Projektleitung, since Mai 2019


Felix Kurzemann, MA
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, since Mai 2019


Thomas Hämmerle, BSc, MSc
ProjektleiterIn, since Mai 2019


About the project:
The aim of the project is the practical co-composting of charcoal and the application of this soil mixture in industrial agriculture. To achieve this goal, several sub-goals are pursued in the project, i.a. Production of various final formulations and application of these on trial areas in order to observe the effects on plant growth and chemical as well as microbiological changes of the soil.

HiGas
State:
Abgeschlossen

Start of project:
Februar 2014

Project staff:
FH-Prof. DDipl.-Ing. Dr.techn. Lukas Möltner
ProjektleiterIn, from Februar 2014 until März 2016


Mag. Christina-Maria Gress
SachbearbeiterIn, from Februar 2014 until März 2016


Lucas Konstantinoff, MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Februar 2014 until Oktober 2015


About the project:
The use of gas engines represents the commercially most efficient way of producing electricity and heat from combustible gases. Gas engines can use gaseous fuels of highly varying composition; furthermore they show high operating safety and reliability. The ability of efficiently converting biogas and synthetic gases and the high potential of a decentralized application generate economic growth within the bio energy sector. For high electrical and thermal efficiency a rapid combustion inside the gas engine is of key significance. Hence, optimizing motor parts and fuel flow speed to increase charge movement and combustion speed will be the major goal of this project. The project HiGas will reflect on the potential of optimizing the charge movement speed and turbulence of the combustion on a new state of the art gas engine provided by 2G Energy GmbH. There will be cylinder head and spark plug development as well as optimizing of operating strategies. As a result a significant increase in thermal efficiency with a coincident reduction of emissions is expected.

Microbe Energy
State:
Abgeschlossen

Start of project:
März 2014

Project staff:
FH-Prof. Mag. Marco Rupprich, Ph.D.
MCI interne ProjektleiterIn, from März 2014 until Dezember 2015


Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Benjamin Hupfauf
ProjektleiterIn, from März 2014 until März 2017


Prof. (FH) Dr. techn. Angela Hofmann
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from März 2014 until Januar 2017


About the project:
The aim of this project is the investigation of different pretreatment strategies to increase biomethanization. The following 4 pretreatment methods will be investigated: - Pretreatment by enzymes - Pretreatment (or co-fermentation) with anaerobic fungi (Neocallimastigomycota) - Pretreatment by steam-explosion - Pretreatment by hydrothermal carbonation

KLA:R-Klärschlamm und Abwasser: Ressourcen nutzen
State:
Abgeschlossen

Start of project:
Mai 2015

Project staff:
FH-Prof. Mag. Marco Rupprich, Ph.D.
ProjektleiterIn, from Mai 2015 until Oktober 2016


Mag. Alexander Dumfort
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Mai 2015 until Oktober 2016


About the project:
With the KLA:R project of the association klasse!Forschung, complex connections in wastewater treatment are prepared together with experts from science and industry in such a way that they can be taught fascinatingly to children and adolescents from 8 to 18 years from Innsbruck west to Telfs. School and extracurricular activities, with a particular focus on young girls and immigrant students, should inspire enthusiasm for modern technologies and applications of wastewater treatment, including the entrepreneurial context, and raise awareness of the conservation of our resources.


Qualifizierungsnetz Materialwissenschaften
State:
Laufend

Start of project:
April 2014

Project staff:
Mag. Jelena Drinic
Assistenz der Projektleitung, from April 2014 until September 2016


FH-Prof. DI Dr.-Ing. Michael Kraxner
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from April 2014 until September 2016


Sabine Watzdorf, MSc
Assistenz der Projektleitung, from April 2014 until September 2016


Mag. Alexander Dumfort
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from April 2014 until September 2016


FH-Prof. Dr. Werner Stadlmayr
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from April 2014 until September 2016


FH-Prof. Mag. Marco Rupprich, Ph.D.
ProjektleiterIn, from April 2014 until September 2016


About the project:
The objective of this project is to promote the establishment of a Tyrolean skills network, which aims to increase the expertise of research, technological development and innovation (RTDI) employees of participating companies in the technology fields of materials science and nanoscience. Qualification measures are the transfer of know-how through practical exercises and lectures at the participating universities on the basics, methods, current developments and future fields of application. The contents of the training measures are based on the qualification requirements of the companies. In particular, company-relevant questions are dealt with in a separate module. In addition to the funding period, a network of contacts and potential cooperation partners is formed with a comprehensive insight into the competences and infrastructure of the participating universities and partner companies. In the future, higher education institutions will be better able to design their teaching and research content according to the needs of the companies and to enter into appropriate cooperation. The project is funded by the Austrian Research Promotion Agency (FFG) within the framework of the program "Research Competences for the Economy".


PowerBox - Optimierung und Rohstoffflexibilisierung der Schwebebettvergasungstechnologie
State:
Abgeschlossen

Start of project:
Dezember 2009

Project staff:
Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Marcel Bernard Huber
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Oktober 2009 until Juni 2016


Prof. (FH) Dr. techn. Angela Hofmann
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Dezember 2009 until Juni 2016


Johannes Gratzl, BSc MSc
StudentIn, from Januar 2012 until September 2016


Christoph Franzl
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Januar 2012 until März 2016


Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Jan Krueger
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Dezember 2009 until März 2016


Marcel Lepuschitz, BSc
Wissenschaftliche Hilfskraft, from April 2013 until Juni 2016


Sabrina Dumfort, BSc MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from April 2013 until März 2016


Robert Thaler, BSc MSc
StudentIn, from April 2013 until September 2016


Silvia Kostner
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from April 2013 until Juni 2016


Mag. Christina-Maria Gress
Assistenz der Projektleitung, from April 2013 until Juni 2016


Markus Huemer, MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from April 2013 until Juni 2016


Ing. Benedikt Bodner, BSc MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Dezember 2009 until März 2016


Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Georg Kreutner
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Dezember 2009 until März 2016


Lisa-Marie Auer, BSc MSc
StudentIn, from März 2016 until September 2016


Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Benjamin Hupfauf
ProjektleiterIn, from Dezember 2009 until Juni 2016


About the project:
The use of alternative, biogenic resources, briefly called ABR, as energy is a key factor in the implementation of a global energy revolution. The at the MCI 2007 developed thermochemical conversion process by stepped floating bed gasification provides optimal, procedural prerequisites to turn such raw materials efficiently into electricity and heat. While the utilisation of low quality wood chips could be conducted to commercial maturity in the first phase of the project, the target now is to make the technology fit to utilise ABR.

Project partners:
Thöni
Unternehmenssektor Inland
SCE
Unternehmenssektor Inland
SWS
Unternehmenssektor Inland

Publications/literature:
Standard 20090809 Diverse Zeitungsartikel 18th Europäische Biomassekonferenz - Lyon 19th Europäische Biomassekonferenz - Berlin Internationale Conference on Polygeneration Strategies - Wien

(co)Operation SKD
State:
Abgeschlossen

Start of project:
September 2014

Project staff:
Bettina Rainer, BSc MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from November 2014 until August 2018


Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Benjamin Hupfauf
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from September 2014 until August 2018


Dr. Alexander Trockenbacher
ProjektleiterIn, from September 2014 until August 2018


Heidrun Füssl-Le, BSc, MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from September 2014 until August 2018


FH-Prof. Mag. Marco Rupprich, Ph.D.
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from September 2014 until August 2018


Sebastian Perkams, BSc MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from September 2014 until November 2017


Prof. (FH) Dr. techn. Angela Hofmann
MCI interne ProjektleiterIn, from September 2014 until September 2016


Dipl.-Ing. Michael G. Schnitzlein, PhD
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from September 2014 until August 2018


FH-Prof. Dr. Christoph Griesbeck
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from September 2014 until August 2018


Dr. Martin Spruck, MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Februar 2016 until August 2018


Peter Leitner, BSc MSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from März 2016 until August 2018


About the project:
The project aims to establish an economic process for the production of valuable compounds from phototrophic microorganisms (algae, microalgae) and the subsequent energetic processing of biomass. For this purpose established R&D structures at the Departments of Biotechnology and Environmental, Process & Energy Engineering at MCI, as well as at the Departments of Bio and Environmental Technology and Process Engineering and Production at the University of Applied Sciences Upper Austria (FH OÖ) are further developed, combined and integrated. The Austrian Drug Screening Institutes (ADSI) will contribute additional analytical expertise to the consortium. The main objectives will be the development of the single process steps and competence development in order to provide targeted services for potential company partners in the fields of pharmaceutical, cosmetic and food industries.

BioAdd - Additiveinsatz zur qualitätserhaltenden Lagerung von Holzhackgut
State:
Laufend

Start of project:
August 2017

Project staff:
Silvia Kostner
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from August 2017 until Dezember 2017


Sabrina Dumfort, BSc MSc
ProjektleiterIn, from August 2017 until Januar 2020


Philip Eienbach
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from April 2019 until August 2019


Stefan Eder, BSc
ProjektmitarbeiterIn, from Juni 2019 until Januar 2020


About the project:
The aim of this project is to investigate the applicability of alkaline additives during the storage of wood chips. On the one hand, this measure ensures a reduction in the loss of substance due to microbial degradation processes, on the other hand, the risk of spontaneous combustion of the debris is weakened. In addition, the influence of the additives on the subsequent combustion and gasification of the fuel is investigated. In addition to laboratory experiments and storage trials, the economic and technical feasibility will be validated and a concept for fuel additive during storage will be developed.

Biomassekonditionierung 2
State:
Abgeschlossen

Start of project:
November 2014

Project staff:
Sabrina Dumfort, BSc MSc
ProjektleiterIn, from November 2014 until März 2017


About the project:
The follow-up project "Biomass conditioning 2" aims to describe the wood degradation and self-ignition process inside woodchip piles, based on different laboratory analyses. Additionally, a survey is being conducted in Western Austria to define parameters and circumstances where self-ignition of stored woodchip piles has occurred in district heating plants. After finishing these preparatory experiments a model of a woodchip pile and its behavior will be prepared in a follow-up project in order to enable a forecast of material losses and the risk of self-ignition.

Project partners:
Bioenergie Tirol
Sonstige Inland
SYNECO tec
Unternehmenssektor Inland


  • J.O. Back, R. Brandstätter, M. Spruck, M. Koch, S. Penner, M. Rupprich 1, Parameter Screening of PVDF/PVP Multi-Channel Capillary Membranes. Polymers, 2019, 11, 463, doi:10.3390/polym11030463

  • Meister, Michael; Rezavand, Massoud; Ebner, Christian; Pümpel, Thomas; Rauch, Wolfgang (2018): Mixing non-Newtonian flows in anaerobic digesters by impellers and pumped recirculation. In: Advances in Engineering Software 115C, pp. 194-203.

  • B. Hupfauf, T. Hämmerle, M.Lepuschitz, Plant growth tests and the issue of the analysis of PAHs with biochar from gasifier plants, Energy Procedia, 93, 9-13. doi: 10.1016/j.egypro.2016.07.142

  • Huber M.B., Huemer M., Hofmann A., Dumfort S.: Floating fixed-bed-gasification: from vision to reality; Energy Procedia 93, 120-124.

  • S. Dumfort; Respirometric tests as a new approach to determine storage losses of energy wood; 24th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition, Amsterdam, 7th of June 2016

  • B. Hupfauf; Quality of biochar production, 17th International Conference SLOBIOM 2017, Ljubljana, 30th of November 2017

  • J. Back, R. Brandstätter, M. Spruck, M. Koch, M. Rupprich. Fabrication of PVDF multi-channel capillary membranes and their application in water treatment. Presentation at ACHEMA 2018 - Membranes and Membrane Processes, 2018, Frankfurt, Germany.

  • M. Spruck, M. Koch, M. Rupprich. Preparation conditions of multi-channel capillary membranes for nanofiltration. 2nd International Conference on Desalination using Membrane Technology, 2015,Singapore

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